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2022/09/17阅读:7主题:蓝莹

WPF 使用 DrawingContext 绘制刻度条

WPF 使用 DrawingContext 绘制刻度条

控件名:Ruler

作者: WPFDevelopersOrg

原文链接: https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers

  • 框架使用大于等于.NET40
  • Visual Studio 2022;
  • 项目使用 MIT 开源许可协议;
  • 定义Interval步长、SpanInterval间隔步长、MiddleMask中间步长。
  • 当步长/ 间隔步长= 需要绘制的小刻度。
  • 循环绘制小刻度,判断当前j并取中间步长的模,如果模!=零就绘制中高线。
  • StartValue 开始绘制刻度到EndValue 结束刻度。
  • CurrentGeometry 重新绘制当前刻度的Path值。
  • CurrentValue 当前值如果发生变化时则去重新CurrentGeometry

1) 准备Ruler.cs如下:

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;

namespace WPFDevelopers.Controls
{
    public class Ruler : Control
    {
        public static readonly DependencyProperty IntervalProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("Interval"typeof(double), typeof(Ruler), new UIPropertyMetadata(30.0));


        public static readonly DependencyProperty SpanIntervalProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("SpanInterval"typeof(double), typeof(Ruler), new UIPropertyMetadata(5.0));


        public static readonly DependencyProperty MiddleMaskProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("MiddleMask"typeof(int), typeof(Ruler), new UIPropertyMetadata(2));

        public static readonly DependencyProperty CurrentValueProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("CurrentValue"typeof(double), typeof(Ruler),
                new UIPropertyMetadata(OnCurrentValueChanged));

        public static readonly DependencyProperty StartValueProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("StartValue"typeof(double), typeof(Ruler), new UIPropertyMetadata(120.0));

        public static readonly DependencyProperty EndValueProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("EndValue"typeof(double), typeof(Ruler), new UIPropertyMetadata(240.0));

        public static readonly DependencyProperty CurrentGeometryProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("CurrentGeometry"typeof(Geometry), typeof(Ruler),
                new PropertyMetadata(Geometry.Parse("M 257,0 257,25 264,49 250,49 257,25")));

        static Ruler()
        {
            DefaultStyleKeyProperty.OverrideMetadata(typeof(Ruler), new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(typeof(Ruler)));
        }

        public Ruler()
        {
            Loaded += Ruler_Loaded;
        }

        public double Interval
        {
            get => (double)GetValue(IntervalProperty);

            set => SetValue(IntervalProperty, value);
        }

        public double SpanInterval
        {
            get => (double)GetValue(SpanIntervalProperty);

            set => SetValue(SpanIntervalProperty, value);
        }

        public int MiddleMask
        {
            get => (int)GetValue(MiddleMaskProperty);

            set => SetValue(MiddleMaskProperty, value);
        }

        public double CurrentValue
        {
            get => (double)GetValue(CurrentValueProperty);

            set
            {
                SetValue(CurrentValueProperty, value);
                PaintPath();
            }
        }

        public double StartValue
        {
            get => (double)GetValue(StartValueProperty);

            set => SetValue(StartValueProperty, value);
        }

        public double EndValue
        {
            get => (double)GetValue(EndValueProperty);

            set => SetValue(EndValueProperty, value);
        }

        public Geometry CurrentGeometry
        {
            get => (Geometry)GetValue(CurrentGeometryProperty);

            set => SetValue(CurrentGeometryProperty, value);
        }

        private static void OnCurrentValueChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            var ruler = d as Ruler;
            ruler.CurrentValue = Convert.ToDouble(e.NewValue);
        }

        protected override void OnRender(DrawingContext drawingContext)
        {
            RenderOptions.SetEdgeMode(this, EdgeMode.Aliased);
            var nextLineValue = 0d;
            var one_Width = ActualWidth / ((EndValue - StartValue) / Interval);

            for (var i = 0; i <= (EndValue - StartValue) / Interval; i++)
            {
                var numberText = DrawingContextHelper.GetFormattedText((StartValue + i * Interval).ToString(),
                    (Brush)DrawingContextHelper.BrushConverter.ConvertFromString("#FFFFFF"), FlowDirection.LeftToRight,
                    10);
                drawingContext.DrawText(numberText, new Point(i * one_Width - 80));
                drawingContext.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidColorBrush(Colors.White), 1), new Point(i * one_Width, 25),
                    new Point(i * one_Width, ActualHeight - 2));
                var cnt = Interval / SpanInterval;
                for (var j = 1; j <= cnt; j++)
                    if (j % MiddleMask == 0)
                        drawingContext.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidColorBrush(Colors.White), 1),
                            new Point(j * (one_Width / cnt) + nextLineValue, ActualHeight - 2),
                            new Point(j * (one_Width / cnt) + nextLineValue, ActualHeight - 10));
                    else
                        drawingContext.DrawLine(new Pen(new SolidColorBrush(Colors.White), 1),
                            new Point(j * (one_Width / cnt) + nextLineValue, ActualHeight - 2),
                            new Point(j * (one_Width / cnt) + nextLineValue, ActualHeight - 5));

                nextLineValue = i * one_Width;
            }
        }

        private void Ruler_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            PaintPath();
        }

        private void PaintPath()
        {
            var d_Value = CurrentValue - StartValue;
            var one_Value = ActualWidth / (EndValue - StartValue);
            var x_Point = one_Value * d_Value + ((double)Parent.GetValue(ActualWidthProperty) - ActualWidth) / 2d;
            CurrentGeometry =
                Geometry.Parse($"M {x_Point},0 {x_Point},25 {x_Point + 7},49 {x_Point - 7},49 {x_Point},25");
        }
    }
}

2) 使用RulerControlExample.xaml.cs如下:

<UserControl x:Class="WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews.RulerControlExample"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006" 
             xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008" 
             xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews"
             xmlns:wpfdev="https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers"
             mc:Ignorable="d" 
             d:DesignHeight="450" d:DesignWidth="800">

    <Grid>
        <Slider x:Name="PART_Slider" IsSnapToTickEnabled="True"
                Value="40"
                Minimum="10"
                Maximum="210"/>

        <UniformGrid Rows="3">
            <Grid Background="{StaticResource CircularDualSolidColorBrush}" Height="51" Margin="40,0">
                <Path Stroke="{StaticResource SuccessPressedSolidColorBrush}" StrokeThickness="1" Fill="{StaticResource SuccessPressedSolidColorBrush}"
                  Data="{Binding ElementName=PART_Ruler, Path=CurrentGeometry,Mode=TwoWay}" />

                <wpfdev:Ruler x:Name="PART_Ruler" Margin="40,0" Interval="20" StartValue="10" EndValue="210"
                          CurrentValue="{Binding ElementName=PART_Slider,Path=Value,Mode=TwoWay}"/>

            </Grid>
            <Grid Background="{StaticResource DangerPressedSolidColorBrush}" Height="51" Margin="40,0">
                <Path Stroke="{StaticResource SuccessPressedSolidColorBrush}" StrokeThickness="1" Fill="{StaticResource SuccessPressedSolidColorBrush}"
                  Data="{Binding ElementName=PART_Ruler1, Path=CurrentGeometry,Mode=TwoWay}" />

                <wpfdev:Ruler x:Name="PART_Ruler1" Margin="40,0" Interval="20" StartValue="10" EndValue="210"
                          CurrentValue="{Binding ElementName=PART_Slider,Path=Value,Mode=TwoWay}"/>

            </Grid>
            <Grid Background="{StaticResource WarningPressedSolidColorBrush}" Height="51" Margin="40,0">
                <Path Stroke="{StaticResource SuccessPressedSolidColorBrush}" StrokeThickness="1" Fill="{StaticResource SuccessPressedSolidColorBrush}"
                  Data="{Binding ElementName=PART_Ruler2, Path=CurrentGeometry,Mode=TwoWay}" />

                <wpfdev:Ruler x:Name="PART_Ruler2" Margin="40,0" Interval="20" StartValue="10" EndValue="210"
                          CurrentValue="{Binding ElementName=PART_Slider,Path=Value,Mode=TwoWay}"/>

            </Grid>
        </UniformGrid>
        
        
    </Grid>
</UserControl>

鸣谢 - 帅嘉欣

Github|RulerControlExample[1]
码云|RulerControlExample[2]

参考资料

[1]

Github|RulerControlExample: https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers/blob/master/src/WPFDevelopers.Samples/ExampleViews/RulerControlExample.xaml

[2]

码云|RulerControlExample: https://gitee.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers/blob/master/src/WPFDevelopers.Samples/ExampleViews/RulerControlExample.xaml

分类:

后端

标签:

C#

作者介绍

yanjinhua
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