Shinkai005

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2022/07/02阅读:18主题:红绯

【一起上水硕系列】Day 7 内容+Day8

【一起上水硕系列】Day 7 内容+Day8

想多肝一天内容是真的累..............

在浏览器中如果不小心关闭了标签页 可以按 shift +command + t 来恢复 (mac)

Day 7 - video

Video1/5

  1. 如何提及资源 以及 整合资源
  2. author-date style 的行内引用
    1. 这个引用风格是不同的, 不同的level 是不一样的
  • 使用这些资源在学术写作中的作用
    • (不要小瞧这种看似笨笨的问题, 中英思维不一样. 回答一下问题然后看视频接下来你会发现, 着重点确实不一样)
    • 我的重点是那么多目的么我随便写俩不就行了
    • 实际上问题的重点在 key. 最主要的几个目的
  • 表示自己查阅了很多资料做了充分准备
  • 提供support
  • 评估能力
  • 让读者更快的找到这些内容
  • 避免抄袭

这个plagiarism 是给不想抄的人看的哈

你要是专门要抄,然后你看这块就感觉他在多此一举

(一本正经的解释)

  • 哪一个句子更令人信服
image-20220628174642975
image-20220628174642975

vague

specific

  • 上面两个就是原因. 而且学术写作一直在追求这个

Video2/5

什么时候会使用这些资源

  • precisely define a term
  • make claim more precious
  • give an example
  • use evidence to support the claim
  • to show another writer agrees/disagree with the claim

下面Task2的每句话的作者的使用这些资源的作用,实际上可以用上面的观点来答

在哪里添加这些关于资源的信息?

有两个位置

  • The citation - 作者名字, 发布年限, 页数 文中
  • The reference list- 文章末尾.作者名首字母排序

Video 3/5

Citation

image-20220628180101192
image-20220628180101192
image-20220628180144837
image-20220628180144837
image-20220628180240177
image-20220628180240177
image-20220628180257438
image-20220628180257438

四种方式是引用的一个人的文章,都可以用~

image-20220628180508659
image-20220628180508659

这两种引用方式都ok

直接引用其实并不是很常见,一般总结常见

NB当 surname一样的时候, 会写一些first name

Video 4/5 不同的引用风格

image-20220628181011940
image-20220628181011940

author-prominent 风格

image-20220628181107769
image-20220628181107769

这是information-prominent style

image-20220628181217463
image-20220628181217463

这个是没有作者名字 而是 institute 机构名字

image-20220628181403549
image-20220628181403549

我们的引用风格是 APA引用风格

  • 第一次出现多个名字的时候 需要全部写,后面直接 author 1 et al. data

记得用 brackets 括起来

作者主导虽然存在但是一般都是信息主导

直接引号引用别人的work也很少

image-20220628181856297
image-20220628181856297

这句话改写成

  • According to...
  • Author(s) + reporting verb
image-20220628182032069
image-20220628182032069

according to 可以被写在句子的任何位置~

B有答案不写了

Live class

  • The word "Internet" as Young (2004) defined is "a neutral device originally designed to facilitate research among academic and military agencies". However, some people use the internet for another purpose such as chatting, instant messaging and video games which leads to uncontrollable of their lives because of the internet (Young, 2004).
    • 主要考虑 Internet 需要加 引号么 是否是个定义?
  • Brin (1998, p. 123) pointed out that ‘privacy has always been a highly subjective philosophical concept’. Furthermore, Rachels (1975) suggested that in terms of maintain a diversity of relationships people themselves need to control personal information. Actually privacy connect people's life closely. For most citizens the most important element to obtain happiness is largely depends on pursuing privacy (Harper, 2004).
    • 隐私是一个高度主观的哲学概念,B说的, 下一句立马说, 此外,(递进)R说 在保持关系多样性人们需要控制个人信息.
    • 观点之间联系不强
  • However, as Rex and Jackson (2009) argue, the future of Internet gambling is worth to be expected due to its bright development prospect and immeasurable potential to enhance economic performance.
    • 这块说网络读博,但是用词全是正面的~
    • If you would like to find out more about neutral, tentative and strong reporting verbs, 在华威大学官网能找到
  • Roblyer et al. (2010) explained that SNSs are sources of communication among students and lecturers in their respective faculties. Furthermore, Kolek and Saunders (2008) showed that students users of SNSs experienced no effect what so ever with their academic performance.
    • demonstrated/discovered/identified/found

每一个提到的问题都非常非常简单..

  • Adam Mahamat Helou, Zor Zairah Ab.Rahim, and Oye,N. D(2012) reported that most of the younger students are engaged in the use of SNSs mainly for socializing activities rather than for academic purpose.
image-20220628230505446
image-20220628230505446

这是最重要的一个

在APA引用中, 第一次列举作者姓的时候,要全部列举出来.(直到五个)

Et al 是第二次之后才会这么用.而且是相同的一批人


以下是 一些可以表达自己情绪, 立场, 态度 的词汇

不要总是使用' sb. says/ shows /thinks '

pattern 1: reporting verb + that + subject + verb

  1. acknowledge
  2. admit
  3. agree
  4. allege
  5. argue
  6. assert
  7. assume
  8. believe
  9. claim
  10. conclude
  11. consider
  12. decide
  13. demonstrate
  14. deny
  15. determine
  16. discover
  17. doubt
  18. emphasize
  19. explain
  20. find
  21. hypothesize
  22. imply
  23. indicate
  24. infer
  25. note
  26. object
  27. observe
  28. point out
  29. prove
  30. reveal
  31. say
  32. show
  33. state
  34. suggest
  35. think

例子:

(a) Da Souza argues that previous researchers have misinterpreted the data.

(b) Researchers have demonstrated that the procedure is harmful.

(c) Positivists find that social disorders are exacerbated by class factors.

(d) Singh infers that both states are essential.

一定要记得, 这些词不能滥用, 尤其准确的语义, 而不像在国内写作时候随便换高级词汇来表示多样性~

Pattern 2: reporting verb + somebody/something + for + noun/gerund

  1. applaud
  2. blame
  3. censure
  4. criticize
  5. disparage
  6. fault
  7. praise
  8. ridicule
  9. single out
  10. thank

Pattern 3: reporting verb + somebody/something + as + noun/gerund/adjective

  1. appraise
  2. assess
  3. characterize
  4. class
  5. classify
  6. define
  7. depict
  8. describe
  9. evaluate
  10. identify
  11. interpret
  12. portray
  13. present
  14. refer
  15. view

Using sources

当你使用资源的时候, 意味着你只是单纯的使用你曾经读过的/正在读的文章的信息/观点.

你必须 1.用自己的语言 重新改述 原话 , 并2.标记出出处

in-text citations

These are *called in-text citations*, because they are within your text.

a) Author prominent – the author’s family name comes first, followed by the year. – E.g. : Pahlke and Hyde ( 2016), suggest that there is no clear evidence that indicates that single-sex schools are more effective than single- sex schools.

  • 作者主导,作者在前

b) Information prominent – the information or idea is before the author’s family name - E.g. Research suggests that single-sex schools are not superior to co-education schools ( Pahlke and Hyde, 2016)

  • 信息主导,信息在前

其实两个都挺多的, video说信息主导多, 老师说作者主导也不少.

referencing

Your reference list goes at the very end of your EE and includes the family name of the author, the initial (first letter) of their first name, ( year) and information on the source they write in . See below. Unfortunately, it is not part of your word-count

在citation里 ,只需要 姓+年限 + reporting verb

在referencing 里 需要 姓+名的首字母+年限+主要信息

*这些信息是不包括在最终字数里的.

image-20220628232600283
image-20220628232600283

还有一个点要注意

  1. 在referencing阶段, 不是名在前 姓在后. 而是 姓在前, 名首字母在后 + 年限 (甚至加上了页数)


Day 8

我准备写的越来越少了~我要做xmind

目标-关于剽窃的认识

  • develop your understanding of plagiarism

  • identify legitimate uses of sources and plagiaristic uses

  • raise your awareness of problems that can lead to plagiarism

Task1-官网介绍剽窃

  • 直接引用
  • 接近的释义
  • 未知来源的摘要
  • 直接复制

这句话说的非常好, 您的想法和批判性思维正在接受检查,而不是其他任何人的. 因此, 不属于你的信息和想法必须承认

这个角度真的很秀,比雅思阻止作弊的方式还好, 而且真的非常正.

*大学不区分 无意抄袭故意抄袭

  • 直接使用,不引用他人作品会被认为抄袭.
  • 与他人不当合作
  • 复制作品
  • 甚至复制自己的课程内容, 再次提交 也算抄袭.被称之为自我抄袭(一次努力双重收获.)
  • 购买的论文

没时间了 就到这里了~

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