yanjinhua

V1

2022/07/25阅读:15主题:蓝莹

WPF 实现用户头像选择器

制作一个用户头像选择器仿 WeGame

  • 制作一个用户头像选择Canvas为父控件所实现,展示图片使用ImagePath当作上方的蒙版;
  • Canvas:主要用途方便移动Image,设置ClipToBounds="True"裁剪为一个正方形200x200做为主要展示区域;
  • Image:展示需要裁剪的图片;
  • PathCombinedGeometry[1]绘制蒙版大小200x200效果如下;
  • 当选择一个本地图片的时候判断宽与高谁更大,谁小就将它更改为200 ,另一边做等比缩放后给到DrawingVisual绘制一个新的BitmapFrame[2]Image控件做展示;
  • 当移动图片的时候右侧展示当前区域使用CroppedBitmap[3]进行裁剪并显示;
  • 源码Github[4] Gitee[5]

1)CropAvatar.xaml 代码如下;

<ResourceDictionary xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
                    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
                    xmlns:controls="clr-namespace:WPFDevelopers.Controls">

    <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        <ResourceDictionary Source="Basic/ControlBasic.xaml"/>
    </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>

    <Style TargetType="controls:CropAvatar" BasedOn="{StaticResource ControlBasicStyle}">
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type controls:CropAvatar}">
                    <Canvas x:Name="PART_Canvas" ClipToBounds="True">
                        <Image x:Name="PART_Image" Cursor="SizeAll" ></Image>
                        <Path x:Name="PART_Layout" 
                              Fill="{DynamicResource BlackSolidColorBrush}" 
                              Width="200" Height="200" 
                              Opacity=".5">

                            <Path.Data>
                                <CombinedGeometry GeometryCombineMode="Xor">
                                    <CombinedGeometry.Geometry1>
                                        <RectangleGeometry Rect="0,0,200,200"/>
                                    </CombinedGeometry.Geometry1>
                                    <CombinedGeometry.Geometry2>
                                        <EllipseGeometry Center="100,100" RadiusX="100" RadiusY="100"/>
                                    </CombinedGeometry.Geometry2>
                                </CombinedGeometry>
                            </Path.Data>
                        </Path>
                        <Grid x:Name="PART_Grid" Width="200" Height="200">
                            <Button x:Name="PART_ReplaceButton" Style="{StaticResource PathButton}"
                                    HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                                    VerticalAlignment="Top"
                                    Width="40" Height="40" ToolTip="更换图片"
                                    Visibility="Collapsed">

                                <Button.Content>
                                    <Path Data="{StaticResource PathReplace}"
                                          Fill="{StaticResource PrimaryNormalSolidColorBrush}"
                                          Height="15"
                                          Width="15"
                                          Stretch="Fill" />

                                </Button.Content>
                            </Button>
                            <Button x:Name="PART_AddButton" Style="{StaticResource PathButton}"
                                    Width="40" Height="40" ToolTip="选择图片">

                                <Button.Content>
                                    <Path Data="{StaticResource PathAdd}"
                                          Fill="{StaticResource PrimaryNormalSolidColorBrush}"
                                          Height="20"
                                          Width="20"
                                          Stretch="Fill" 
                                          RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5" IsHitTestVisible="False">

                                        <Path.RenderTransform>
                                            <RotateTransform Angle="45"/>
                                        </Path.RenderTransform>
                                    </Path>
                                </Button.Content>
                            </Button>
                        </Grid>
                    </Canvas>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    
</Style>

</ResourceDictionary>

2)CropAvatar.cs 代码如下;

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using WPFDevelopers.Helpers;

namespace WPFDevelopers.Controls
{
    [TemplatePart(Name = CanvasTemplateName, Type = typeof(Canvas))]
    [TemplatePart(Name = ImageTemplateName, Type = typeof(Image))]
    [TemplatePart(Name = PathTemplateName, Type = typeof(Path))]
    [TemplatePart(Name = GridTemplateName, Type = typeof(Grid))]
    [TemplatePart(Name = ReplaceButtonTemplateName, Type = typeof(Button))]
    [TemplatePart(Name = AddButtonTemplateName, Type = typeof(Button))]
    public partial class CropAvatar : Control
    {
        private const string CanvasTemplateName = "PART_Canvas";
        private const string ImageTemplateName = "PART_Image";
        private const string PathTemplateName = "PART_Layout";
        private const string GridTemplateName = "PART_Grid";
        private const string ReplaceButtonTemplateName = "PART_ReplaceButton";
        private const string AddButtonTemplateName = "PART_AddButton";
        private Point point;
        private const int _size = 200;
        private bool isDown;
        private bool isLeft;
        private CroppedBitmap crop;
        private Canvas canvas;
        private Image image;
        private Path path;
        private Grid grid;
        private Button replaceButton, addButton;
        private int initialX, initialY, voffsetX, voffsetY;
        private double vNewStartX, vNewStartY, _StartX, _StartY, centerX, centerY;
        private BitmapFrame bitmapFrame;

        public ImageSource OutImageSource
        {
            get { return (ImageSource)GetValue(OutImageSourceProperty); }
            set { SetValue(OutImageSourceProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty OutImageSourceProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("OutImageSource"typeof(ImageSource), typeof(CropAvatar), new PropertyMetadata(null));


        static CropAvatar()
        {
            DefaultStyleKeyProperty.OverrideMetadata(typeof(CropAvatar), new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(typeof(CropAvatar)));
        }
        public override void OnApplyTemplate()
        {
            base.OnApplyTemplate();
            canvas = GetTemplateChild(CanvasTemplateName) as Canvas;
            canvas.Loaded += Canvas_Loaded;
            grid = GetTemplateChild(GridTemplateName) as Grid;
            image = GetTemplateChild(ImageTemplateName) as Image;
            image.MouseDown += Image_MouseDown;
            image.MouseMove += Image_MouseMove;
            image.MouseUp += Image_MouseUp;
            image.MouseLeave += Image_MouseLeave;
            path = GetTemplateChild(PathTemplateName) as Path;
            replaceButton = GetTemplateChild(ReplaceButtonTemplateName) as Button;
            replaceButton.Click += ReplaceButton_Click;
            addButton = GetTemplateChild(AddButtonTemplateName) as Button;
            addButton.Click += AddButton_Click;
        }

        private void Canvas_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (sender is Canvas canvas)
            {
                var width = canvas.ActualWidth;
                var height = canvas.ActualHeight;
                centerX = (width - path.Width) / 2.0d;
                centerY = (height - path.Height) / 2.0d;
                canvas.Clip = new RectangleGeometry(new Rect(centerX, centerY, 200200)); 
                Canvas.SetLeft(path, centerX);
                Canvas.SetTop(path, centerY);
                Canvas.SetLeft(grid, centerX);
                Canvas.SetTop(grid, centerY);
            }
        }

        private void Image_MouseLeave(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            isDown = false;
            if (isLeft)
                _StartX = Canvas.GetLeft(image);
            else
                _StartY = Canvas.GetTop(image);
        }

        private void Image_MouseUp(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
            if (isDown)
            {
                var vPoint = e.GetPosition(this);
                if (isLeft)
                {
                    _StartX = Canvas.GetLeft(image);
                    initialX = voffsetX;
                }

                else
                {
                    _StartY = Canvas.GetTop(image);
                    initialY = voffsetY;
                }
            }
        }

        private void Image_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            if (e.LeftButton == MouseButtonState.Pressed && isDown)
            {
                var vPoint = e.GetPosition(this);
                if (isLeft)
                {
                    var voffset = vPoint.X - point.X;
                    vNewStartX = _StartX + voffset;
                    var xPath = Canvas.GetLeft(path);
                    if (vNewStartX <= xPath && vNewStartX >= -(bitmapFrame.Width - 200 - xPath))
                    {
                        Canvas.SetLeft(image, vNewStartX);
                        voffsetX = initialX - (int)voffset;
                        voffsetX = voffsetX < 0 ? 0 : voffsetX;
                        crop = new CroppedBitmap(bitmapFrame, new Int32Rect(voffsetX, 0, _size, _size));

                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    var voffset = vPoint.Y - point.Y;
                    vNewStartY = _StartY + voffset;
                    var yPath = Canvas.GetTop(path);
                    if (vNewStartY <= yPath && vNewStartY >= -(bitmapFrame.Height - 200 - yPath))
                    {
                        Canvas.SetTop(image, vNewStartY);
                        voffsetY = initialY - (int)voffset;
                        voffsetY = voffsetY < 0 ? 0 : voffsetY;
                        crop = new CroppedBitmap(bitmapFrame, new Int32Rect(0, voffsetY, _size, _size));
                    }
                }
                OutImageSource = crop;
            }
        }

        private void Image_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
            isDown = true;
            point = e.GetPosition(this);
        }

        private void ReplaceButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            InitialImage();
        }

        private void AddButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            InitialImage();
        }

        void InitialImage()
        {
            vNewStartX = 0;
            vNewStartY = 0;
            var uri = ControlsHelper.ImageUri();
            if (uri == nullreturn;
            var bitmap = new BitmapImage(uri);
            if (bitmap.Height > bitmap.Width)
            {
                double scale = (double)bitmap.Width / (double)path.Width;
                image.Width = _size;
                image.Height = (double)bitmap.Height / scale;
                isLeft = false;
            }
            else if (bitmap.Width > bitmap.Height)
            {
                double scale = (double)bitmap.Height / (double)path.Height;
                image.Width = (double)bitmap.Width / scale;
                image.Height = _size;
                isLeft = true;
            }
            bitmapFrame = ControlsHelper.CreateResizedImage(bitmap, (int)image.Width, (int)image.Height, 0);
            image.Source = bitmapFrame;
            if (image.Source != null)
            {
                replaceButton.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
                addButton.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            }
            Canvas.SetLeft(grid, centerX);
            Canvas.SetTop(grid, centerY);
            _StartX = (canvas.ActualWidth - image.Width) / 2.0d;
            _StartY = (canvas.ActualHeight - image.Height) / 2.0d;
            Canvas.SetLeft(image, _StartX);
            Canvas.SetTop(image, _StartY);        
            if (isLeft)
            {
                initialX = (int)(image.Width - 200) / 2;
                initialY = 0;
                crop = new CroppedBitmap(bitmapFrame, new Int32Rect(initialX, 0, _size, _size));

            }
            else
            {
                initialY = (int)(image.Height - 200) / 2;
                initialX = 0;
                crop = new CroppedBitmap(bitmapFrame, new Int32Rect(0, initialY, _size, _size));
            }
            OutImageSource = crop;
        }
       
    }
}

3)CropAvatarWindow.xaml使用如下;

<ws:Window x:Class="WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews.CropAvatarWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
        xmlns:wpfdev="https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers"
        xmlns:ws="https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg.WPFDevelopers.Minimal"
        mc:Ignorable="d"  WindowStyle="ToolWindow" ResizeMode="NoResize"
        WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen"
        Title="WPF 开发者-头像选择器" Height="450" Width="800">

    <Grid>
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition/>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <wpfdev:CropAvatar x:Name="MyCropAvatar"/>
        <Image Grid.Column="1" Name="CropAvatarImage" Source="{Binding ElementName=MyCropAvatar,Path=OutImageSource}" 
               Stretch="Fill" Width="200" Height="200">

            <Image.Clip>
                <EllipseGeometry Center="100,100" RadiusX="100" RadiusY="100"/>
            </Image.Clip>
        </Image>
        <UniformGrid Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" 
                     HorizontalAlignment="Center" 
                     VerticalAlignment="Center">

            <Button  Content="保存" Click="btnSave_Click" Style="{StaticResource PrimaryButton}" Margin="4,0"/>
            <Button  Content="关闭" Click="btnClose_Click" Margin="4,0"/>
        </UniformGrid>
    </Grid>
</ws:Window>

4) CropAvatarWindow.xaml.cs 代码如下;

using System.Windows;

namespace WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews
{
    /// <summary>
    /// CropAvatarWindow.xaml 的交互逻辑
    /// </summary>
    public partial class CropAvatarWindow 
    {
        public CropAvatarWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void btnSave_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            DialogResult = true;
        }

        private void btnClose_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            DialogResult = false;
        }
    }
}

5) CropAvatarExample.xaml 使用如下;

<UserControl x:Class="WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews.CropAvatarExample"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006" 
             xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008" 
             xmlns:wpfdev="https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers"
             xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews"
             mc:Ignorable="d" 
             d:DesignHeight="450" d:DesignWidth="800">

    <Grid>
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <Button Content="图像选择器" VerticalAlignment="Center" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Click="Button_Click"/>
        <Image Grid.Column="1" Name="MyImage"
               Stretch="Fill" Width="200" Height="200">

            <Image.Clip>
                <EllipseGeometry Center="100,100" RadiusX="100" RadiusY="100"/>
            </Image.Clip>
        </Image>
    </Grid>
</UserControl>

6) CropAvatarExample.xaml.cs 代码如下;

using System.Windows.Controls;

namespace WPFDevelopers.Samples.ExampleViews
{
    /// <summary>
    /// CropAvatarExample.xaml 的交互逻辑
    /// </summary>
    public partial class CropAvatarExample : UserControl
    {
        public CropAvatarExample()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void Button_Click(object sender, System.Windows.RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            var cropAvatarWindow = new CropAvatarWindow();
            if (cropAvatarWindow.ShowDialog() == true)
            {
                MyImage.Source = cropAvatarWindow.CropAvatarImage.Source;
            }
        }
    }
}

参考资料

[1]

CombinedGeometry: https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/dotnet/api/system.windows.media.combinedgeometry?view=netframework-4.0

[2]

BitmapFrame: https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/dotnet/api/system.windows.media.imaging.bitmapframe?view=windowsdesktop-6.0

[3]

CroppedBitmap: https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/dotnet/api/system.windows.media.imaging.croppedbitmap?view=windowsdesktop-6.0

[4]

Github: https://github.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers

[5]

Gitee: https://gitee.com/WPFDevelopersOrg/WPFDevelopers

分类:

后端

标签:

C#

作者介绍

yanjinhua
V1